Demystifying the many paste options in Word.
There’s more to Paste in Word than just the shortcut.
Like a lot of things in Word, copy then paste seems simple at first, but there’s a lot more going on that you can use to speed up your work.
You can copy text and images from many programs directly into Office.
At the simple level you copy by selecting the item to be copied then press a shortcut – Ctrl + C should work across almost all Windows programs. Or there’ll be a copy command on the menu or right-click menu.
The exact way copy works depends on the source program. However you do it, the copied material is placed in the Windows Clipboard. The standard Clipboard has only one storage location so when you Copy, the new copied stuff replaces whatever is already in the clipboard.
Some programs are smarter than others about Copy when you haven’t selected anything. Many will copy ‘nothing’ to the Clipboard, removing the previous Clipboard contents. Office is a little smarter, if you Copy without selecting anything, it will do nothing and leave the existing clipboard contents intact.
It’s also possible to drag and drop into Office documents. Select text/images then drag over to the document window and drop it.
Now we have something in the clipboard, we can paste it in Word.
You can do that by placing the cursor where you want to insert and pressing Ctrl + V or Ctrl + Insert – and here’s where a ‘simple’ feature gets more interesting. When you paste in recent versions of Word a little tooltip appears near the pasted text. This tooltip shows you the main paste options available:
Normally, Word will paste into your Word document as close a match as it can to the original formatting – called Keep Source Formatting. If the text had bold, italic, fonts, center, tables etc – all that formatting is copied across:
Which sounds great but that formatting probably doesn’t match the rest of your document. So you can choose Keep Text Only but that has its own problems:
Now you’ve lost all the formatting including the bold text and, most important, the web link!
More commonly you want some ‘middle ground’ with the main formatting attributes (bold, italics etc plus web links) retained but most of the formatting changed to match the document you are pasting into. You can do that with Merge Formatting.
There’s a fourth paste option available when you copy between documents: Use destination styles. This is a little similar to Merge Formatting except that when the pasted content uses a style name which already exists in the target document, the style setting in the target document prevail. For example, you copy some text formatted with two styles ‘Bugs’ and ‘Bunny’. When you paste that text into another document Word detects that there’s already a ‘Bugs’ style in the document so it pastes in that text and formats it using the style settings for ‘Bugs’ in the pasted document (not the style of the same name in the source document). But the ‘Bunny’ style doesn’t exist in the target document so the style and its settings are copied to the pasted document and applied accordingly.
If that all sounds hopelessly confusing – don’t despair. The Live Preview feature is a big help in choosing the Paste option you want. Just use the tooltip and as you hover over the Paste Options the pasted text will change to match.
Exactly which Paste Format options appear depend on what you’re pasting and the source.
Changing the defaults
Which paste option Word uses by default depends on where you’re pasting from.
Keep Source Formatting is the default in Word 2013/2016 for pasting:
- Within the same document
- Between documents
- From other programs
Use Destination Styles is the default for:
- Between documents where there’s styles of the same name
All these and other paste options can be changed as Options | Advanced :
Copying from web browsers
Copying text from a web browser can give you unexpected results. That’s because the HTML formatting and the browser rendering can make for confusion when copied to Word.
If you’re having trouble, try copying the same content from the web page displayed in Internet Explorer. Naturally enough, Microsoft Office plays better with the browser from the same company.
But wait there’s more!
Go up to the Home | Clipboard section and click on Paste. You’ll see the same options as in the tooltip but also Paste Special.
Paste Special will be remembered by old Word hands because it was the place to go for some features – in particular ‘unformatted text’ that have been replaced by more direct Paste options.
Where Paste Special is handy is with the ‘Paste Link’ option. This lets you copy from one Office document into another with a ‘live’ link. That means when the source document changes, the ‘Paste Link’ updates as well. Paste Link can be useful for including the latest Excel data or PowerPoint slide into a Word document.