Taking screenshots – Windows, Mac and more

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Taking an image of what’s on your computer screen is a very useful skill for any computer user; novice or experienced.   It’s a lot easier than it was even a few years ago.

Here’s a guide to some of the many options available on Windows, Mac, Apple and Android devices.

Why?

The main use for screen shots is for computer support or teaching about software.  As you might expect, Office-Watch.com uses screen shots every day for books and articles.

Most people use screen shots when they’re asking for computer help.  Instead of trying to describe what is happening, an image of the problem or error message is usually very helpful.  It’s truly a case where a picture is worth a thousand words … and a great time saver.

There are other opportunities for screen shots.  Taking a quick screen image of an order or other reference number on a web page … as a temporary record until an email arrives as a more permanent record.

Detail

It’s possible to take an image of the entire computer screen but it’s rarely helpful.

Better to zoom in on a single program:

Or zoom in to a specific part of the screen … maybe add some text to the image … like a plea for help …

Or go all-out and annotate it with some text and arrows.

Privacy

Annotation and editing of a screen shot is important.  Not just for highlighting parts of the image but also hiding parts like names, email, passwords or other private data.  This example shows three ways to hide sensitive info;  Blur (email), Draw a line (top passwords), Copy a blank color over the items (rest of the password column).

Use whichever suits you and is available in the image editor you use.

Clipboard or File

After taking a screenshot, the image will be placed somewhere for you to work on.

Most commonly it’s the system clipboard.  From there you can paste the image into any picture editor or document you like.  It’s the fastest way to get from screen image into a document or email.  Remember that Office has some image editing tools, like cropping, that can be very useful.

The other main alternative is saving direct to a file.  The screen image will be saved to a predetermined folder.   This option is great if you want to take a series of quick images to edit later.

On portable devices, screen shots are usually added to the list of recently taken images (e.g. Camera Roll).  Cloud storage apps with automatic image upload (Apple, OneDrive, Dropbox etc.) will automatically copy the screen shots to online storage, just like photos taken with the devices camera.

Some third-party products have their own image editors giving you the choice to have each new screen image added directly into the picture editor.

Windows

Windows itself has a very basic tool for getting a copy of the entire screen.  A keyboard shortcut will take an image of the whole screen and put the image into the Windows clipboard. From the clipboard, you can paste the image into an Office document, Outlook email or image editor.

More recent Windows versions can take an image and save it directly to the Pictures/Screenshots folder.

Windows 8, 8.1 and Windows 10

Printscreen button – Full screen to clipboard

Win + PrintScreen  – Full screen to file.

Alt + PrintScreen – select a program window then it’s saved to clipboard.

Windows 7

Printscreen button – Full screen to clipboard

Alt + PrintScreen button – active window to clipboard

Windows Vista and XP

Printscreen button – Full screen to clipboard

Alt + PrintScreen button – active window to clipboard

Other Tools

If that isn’t enough, there are many screen shot tools available.  Many are free with some paid software with all manner of extra features.   For occasional use, one of the free tools is usually enough.

Snipping Tool

Windows Vista and later comes with a Snipping Tool.  It has more selection options (freeform, window, rectangle, full screen) plus some annotation features.

MS Shipping ToolSource:  Microsoft

The Windows 10 Snipping Tool adds a ‘Delay’ option.  This adds a delay between pressing the button and taking the shot.  This lets you get images of pull-down menus and other interactive elements.

Use the Windows Search feature to quickly find the Snipping Tool.

Search for Snipping Tool in Windows 8, 8.1

Search for Snipping Tool in Windows 10

Microsoft Office

Microsoft Office 2010 and later have a screen shot tool on the Insert menu of Word, Excel, PowerPoint and the email editor in Outlook.

We’ve already written about this feature in Office Watch.

Free Utilities

There are many, many, free screen shot tools.  Too many to list here.

One of the well regarded ones is Greenshot.   A free, open-source, tool with annotation and obfuscation tools.

WinSnap is another to consider.

Microsoft Snip The newly released screen shot tool from Microsoft.  It doesn’t have the all the features of the Snipping Tool, at least not yet.

Snagit

Office Watch has used Snagit for many years.  It’s a full featured program with all the ‘bells and whistles’ for editing and sharing.   It can record video from the screen.   There’s a free trial then US$49.95.   Both Windows and Mac versions.

Recording Video

Some of the advanced tools, like Snagit can record video off the screen.

Images from video

A quick mention of a favorite utility called ImageGrab.

It’s possible to get a still image from a paused video but usually you’re limited to the size displayed on the screen.  The popular media player VLC has this feature.

In effect the utility is taking the paused video on the screen to make the still image.   That’s a problem these days because many cameras can take high resolution video that’s larger than a computer screen.

ImageGrab will take stills from the video at the full resolution of the source video, regardless of the screen size.

We often use it to get the best still images from travel videos.

Mac

Mac OS X comes with a nice range of screen shot shortcuts.

In short:

  • Command + Shift + <number 3 or 4> will save an image to the desktop
  • Command + Control + Shift + <number 3 or 4> will save to the clipboard

The full list:

  • Command+ Shift + 3 – full screen, saves to desktop
  • Command-Shift-4 – select an area, saves to desktop
  • Command-Shift-4, then space – select a window, saves to desktop
  • Command-Control-Shift-3 – full screen, copies to clipboard
  • Command-Control-Shift-4 – select an area, copies to clipboard
  • Command-Control-Shift-4, then space – select a window, copies to clipboard

In addition, you can hold down these keys to control the selection area (Leopard or later).

Space –  Locks the selected region and lets you move it with the mouse.

Shift – Resizes one edge of the selected region.

Option –  Resizes the selected region using the center as an anchor point.

That good range of in-built options is probably enough for most people.  If not, search for a free utility like Captur.

Apple devices

There are screenshot shortcuts built into iPhones and iPads.

Hold the Sleep/Wake button (on top or side) then the press the Home button.

The image is saved to the Camera Roll.

Android

It’s more complicated on Android devices.  Early Android versions didn’t have any screenshot shortcut and the developer tools made it difficult for third-party apps to fill the gap.  Google made a small and largely useless effort to fix this.

In theory, Android 4 (IceCream Sandwich) and above have an in-built shortcut:

Press the Power and Volume Down buttons at the same time.

or

Press the Power and Home buttons at the same time.

The problem is the timing – you have to press both buttons at the same time (not hold down one then press the other).  This takes some practice and too often it doesn’t work at all.

Each brand and even model of Android phone/tablet has it’s own screenshot options.  A common option on Samsung devices is the palm swipe (check Settings | Motions and Gestures).

The best approach is to search the web for screenshot help specific to your device.  Search for ‘<device name>  screen shot’  e.g.   ‘Samsung Galaxy 5 screenshot’.

Screen images are usually saved to the camera roll of recently taken images.

There are screen shot apps, but many require ‘rooting’ your devices which is only for advanced users.

Another option is using a mirroring app that displays the device screen on a Windows or Mac computer.  You can then take screenshots using the Windows/Mac tools.  Again, there are many apps and options available, depending on the device and Android version available.  We’ve had good experiences with Reflector 2.

We like Android devices a lot, but Google should lift their game when it comes to screen shots.  At the very least a better button combination, please?


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